DOI: 10.21637/GT.2015.1-2.03.

Labor specialization and its impact on spatial patterns of unemployment

MARIŠ, Martin – MARIŠOVÁ, Eleonóra

Nowadays, the unemployment is crucial problem and challenge for the competitiveness of each economics. In connection with the failure of a socialistic regime in Central and Eastern Europe countries (CEE countries) and establishment of the market economy, unemployment became a permanent component of their national economy. Currently, each CEE country is touching with the unemployment, which varies according the age, gender, ethnicity and also by the region. Most common features of this phenomena is that the employment or unemployment is spatially distributed very unevenly. Slovak republic is one of the smallest economics among the CEE countries, but it has proved significant shift in market restoration towards the building competitiveness in global scale. At the same time Slovakia in long term faces to persistent elevated level of unemployment rate and stubbornly high level of structural unemployment. We may consider that deployment of these phenomena is conditioned also spatially. Our research task is based on looking for some continuity between the unemployment and labor market in structural depressed areas. For this purpose, we use statistical methods for determining the spatial conditionality of unemployment for assessing labor structure in regions of Slovakia. Our results may show on the relation between the high unemployment rate and dominance of economic sectors, which we can consider as structurally weak in regions of Slovakia.

KEYWORDS: unemployment, spatial conditionality, localization and specialization, structural weakness
JEL Code: R11

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